Nowadays it is very common to hear in everyday conversations that so-and-so is “bipolar” or that mengana changes so much that it “seems bipolar”. Great care! Bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness and it is not correct to say that someone suffers it just because it seems to us.
Since they began to talk about bipolar disorder, many assumed this disease as the ideal explanation for mood changes that could not be explained. Thus, they began to erroneously and lightly diagnose friends and relatives who sometimes went from joy to sadness or bad temper with ease.
In Life and Health we help you understand what bipolar disorder is about, so that you do not confuse it or attribute it to others in an unjustified way.
To begin it is important to know that, although the name seems new, bipolar disorder is not. It has also been known for some time as manic depressive illness or manic depression. Only the term Bipolar disorder expresses more clearly what this disease is about.
“Bipolar” means that it passes from one pole to another, that is, it changes its mood drastically, from end to end. For example, a person can go from feeling euphoric, with a lot of energy, to feeling very discouraged, sad and depressed. This is known as moving from mania to depression .
It is also important to clarify that bipolar disorder is a serious mental illness and should not be confused with a simple change of mood. All people can move from joy to sadness on the same day easily, especially when we are stressed by a lot of work, distressed by a problem or going through a stage of hormonal changes (mostly women). And it is normal.
How can you know then if someone has a bipolar disorder? When these mood ups and downs are extreme, repetitive (cyclical), last longer than a bad temper or pre-menstrual syndrome of women, and sometimes they affect daily life. In addition, these changes do not occur on the same day, but occur after several months.
But not there for the matter. In order to diagnose someone with bipolar disorder, you have to know what type and what symptoms you develop. Furthermore, it must be said that the diagnosis must be established by a professional.
Bipolar disorder is divided into three types :
- Cyclothymia : It is the lightest form of bipolar disorder. Changes in mood are still manageable, but they are already becoming cyclical and not just occasional.
- Bipolar II Disorder: When the symptoms increase in intensity but the daily life continues normally.
- Bipolar Disorder I: Mood changes are so strong that they seriously affect daily life, and the symptoms can be dangerous.
The symptoms of bipolar disorder vary from person to person, and while some suffer more on the side of hobbies, others suffer more from depression. However, below you can find the most common.
When the person is in the manic episode, it can present the following symptoms …
- Euphoria: it has excess of joy and optimism, thoughts of greatness and overflowed self-esteem
- Agitation: speaking fast, being hyperactive, exercising too much or needing a lot of physical activity, you can not sit still, you have little need to sleep, you can not concentrate, your sexual arousal increases
- Irritability: easily annoyed, acts aggressively
- Risky: acts impulsively and strangely, has a need to meet goals quickly and by any means, makes risky decisions, invests money without caution, and abuses alcohol and drugs
- Psychosis: has some hallucinations that make him forget reality for a moment
In contrast, when the person is in the depressive episode, the symptoms are the following …
- Physical: feels fatigued and exhausted frequently, has trouble sleeping, feels chronic pain without explanation, and his appetite increases or decreases in an unusual way
- Emotional: he feels anxious, sad, lonely, hopeless, guilty, impotent, can not concentrate, loses interest in his daily life and may even think about committing suicide
Anyway … having a bipolar disorder is not a simple matter. It could even cause premature death . That’s why when you say someone is “bipolar” you have to take them very seriously and give them support. Well, although it is a disease that requires treatment by a professional (a psychiatrist, who is the doctor specializing in mental illness), your well-being depends on the help of others.